ОСОБЕННОСТИ ПОКАЗАТЕЛЕЙ КАЧЕСТВА ЖИЗНИ ДО И ПОСЛЕ ПРОВЕДЕНИЯ ШКОЛЫ ПО АРТЕРИАЛЬНОЙ ГИПЕРТОНИИ У ЛИЦ ПОЖИЛОГО И СТАРЧЕСКОГО ВОЗРАСТА

Igor Alexandrovich Alekseev, Evgeniy Ivanovich Kharkov, Aleksandr Gennadievich Ivanov, Roman Anatolyevich Yaskevich, Olga Leonidovna Moskalenko


Аннотация


Цель. Изучение особенностей показателей качества жизни до и после проведения школы по артериальной гипертонии (АГ) у лиц пожилого и старческого возраста с АГ.

Материалы и методы. Обследовано 105 отбранных для обучения в школе АГ пациентов в возрасте 45 лет и старше. Обследование включало изучение показателей качества жизни (КЖ) и факторов влияющих на его снижение до и после обучения.

Результаты. По данным проведенного исследования установлено, что общий балл показателя КЖ до и после проведения школы по АГ соответствовал снижению КЖ легкой степени и не имел различий между анализируемыми группами. Некоторые различия отмечались в группе пожилого возраста по ограничению в занятиях физкультурой и спортом и в группе старческого возраста по отношению близких. После проведения школы по АГ отмечалось повышение процента лиц имеющих нормальные уровни КЖ в группах сравнения и пожилого возраста. Результаты оценки полученных знаний в школе пациентов с АГ у лиц старческого возраста (18,73 баллов) были сопоставимы с пациентами пожилого возраста (19,12 баллов) и группы сравнения (20,16 баллов), что доказывает целесообразность проведения школ по АГ у лиц данного возраста.

Заключение. Результаты проведенного исследования позволяют сделать выводы о целесообразности проведения школ по АГ среди лиц пожилого и старческого возраста.


Ключевые слова


артериальная гипертония; качество жизни; пожилой и старческий возраст

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Литература


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DOI: https://doi.org/10.12731/wsd-2018-4-204-222

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(c) 2018 Igor Alexandrovich Alekseev, Evgeniy Ivanovich Kharkov, Aleksandr Gennadievich Ivanov, Roman Anatolyevich Yaskevich, Olga Leonidovna Moskalenko

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