НАУКА И ГОМОСЕКСУАЛИЗМ: ПОЛИТИЧЕСКАЯ ПРЕДВЗЯТОСТЬ В СОВРЕМЕННЫХ НАУЧНЫХ КРУГАХ

Viktor Grigorievitsch Lysov


Аннотация


Такие заявления, как «генетическая причина гомосексуализма доказана» или «гомосексуальное влечение невозможно изменить» регулярно выдвигаются на научно-популярных образовательных мероприятиях и в сети Интернет, предназначенных, в том числе, и для научно неискушенных людей. В этой статье я продемонстрирую, что в современном научном сообществе доминируют люди, которые проецируют свои общественно-политические взгляды в свою научную деятельность, делая научный процесс сильно предвзятым. Эти проецируемые взгляды включают в себя спектр политических заявлений, в том числе в отношении т.н. «сексуальных меньшинств», а именно, что «гомосексуализм является нормативным вариантом сексуальности среди людей и животных», что «однополое влечение является врожденным и не может быть изменено», «пол является социальной конструкцией, не ограничивающейся бинарной классификацией» и т.д. и т.п. Я продемонстрирую, что такие взгляды в современных научных кругах на Западе считаются ортодоксальными, устойчивыми и устоявшимися, даже при отсутствии убедительных научных данных, тогда как альтернативные взгляды сразу же помечаются как «псевдонаучные» и «ложные», даже если за ними стоит убедительная фактология. В качестве причины подобной предвзятости можно упомянуть множество факторов – драматическое социальное и историческое наследие, которое привело к появлению «научных табу», интенсивную политическую борьбу, которая породила лицемерие, «коммерциализацию» науки, ведущую к погоне за сенсациями, и т.д. Возможно ли полностью избежать предвзятости в науке, остается спорным вопросом. Однако, представляется возможным создать условия для оптимального равноудаленного научного процесса.

Ключевые слова


предвзятость в науке; научная этика; социальные противоречия; ЛГБТ

Полный текст:

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.12731/2658-4034-2019-2-6-49

(c) 2019 Viktor Grigorievitsch Lysov

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