АНАЛИЗ РАСПРОСТРАНЕННОСТИ ФАКТОРОВ РИСКА СЕРДЕЧНО-СОСУДИСТЫХ ЗАБОЛЕВАНИЙ СРЕДИ МУЖЧИН МЕДИЦИНСКИХ РАБОТНИКОВ КРУПНОЙ КЛИНИЧЕСКОЙ БОЛЬНИЦЫ ГОРОДА КРАСНОЯРСКА

Evgeny Valeryevich Derevyannich, Natalia Arlenovna Balashova, Roman Anatolyevich Yaskevich, Olga Leonidovna Moskalenko


Аннотация


Цель. Изучение распространенности факторов риска (ФР) сердечно-сосудистых заболеваний (CCЗ) среди мужчин медицинских работников крупной клинической больницы г. Красноярска.

Материалы и методы. Обследовано 251 мужчин медицинских работников в возрасте от 20 до 77 лет. Обследование включало анкетирование, клинические, инструментальные, функциональные и лабораторные методы исследования.

Результаты. По данным проведенного исследования, распространенность ФР ССЗ отмечается также часто, как и в других исследованиях, среди медицинских работников, проведенных в различных регионах РФ. Среди обследованных мужчин медицинских работников у 19% было диагностировано ожирение, отягощенная наследственность составила 49,0%, доля медицинских работников, ежедневно потребляющих табак составила 48,8%, с той или иной периодичностью употребляют алкогольные напитки 61,8% обследуемых. Согласно результатов исследования, среди мужчин медицинских работников, выявлен высокий риск сердечно-­сосудистых осложнений, особенно это касается показателей очень высокого риска, при котором возможность развития осложнений в ближайшие десять лет составляет более 30%.

Заключение. Несмотря на достаточно высокую профессиональную информированность, выявлена близкая к популяционной, высокая распространенность основных факторов риска ССЗ среди мужчин медицинских работников крупной клинической больницы города Красноярска. Мужчины, медицинские работники, подвержены курению, злоупотреблению алкоголем, многие имеют избыточную массу тела и ожирение. Полученные данные о распространённости ФР среди мужчин медицинских работников определяют необходимость активного выявления среди них ФР ССЗ и повышения внимания к этой категории лиц в ходе диспансеризации.


Ключевые слова


медицинские работники; факторы риска; сердечно-сосудистые заболевания

Полный текст:

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.12731/wsd-2017-4-10-33

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(c) 2017 Evgeny Valeryevich Derevyannich, Natalia Arlenovna Balashova, Roman Anatolyevich Yaskevich, Olga Leonidovna Moskalenko

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