АНТРОПОМЕТРИЧЕСКИЕ ОСОБЕННОСТИ И КОМПОНЕНТНЫЙ СОСТАВ МАССЫ ТЕЛА У МУЖЧИН МИГРАНТОВ КРАЙНЕГО СЕВЕРА С АРТЕРИАЛЬНОЙ ГИПЕРТОНИЕЙ*

Roman Anatolyevich Yaskevich, Olga Leonidovna Moskalenko


Аннотация


Цель. Изучение антропометрических особенностей и компонентного состава массы тела у мужчин мигрантов Крайнего Севера с артериальной гипертонией.

Материалы и методы. Обследовано 155 мужчин в возрасте 30–79 лет. Основную группу составили 66 пациентов с артериальной гипертонией (АГ), проживающие ранее на Крайнем Севере и переехавшие в дальнейшем на постоянное место жительства в Центральную Сибирь. Обследование включало клинические, инструментальные, функциональные и лабораторные методы исследования, а также антропометрию с последующим соматотипированием.

Результаты. Выявлено, что более половины (57,6%) обследуемых мужчин мигрантов Крайнего Севера с АГ имели мускульный тип конституции, в то время как среди мужчин г. Красноярска с АГ, наиболее часто (62,0%) встречаются представители брюшного типа конституции. Среди мужчин г. Красноярска без АГ несколько чаще, на уровне тенденций, встречались представители мускульного типа конституции (33,3%). У мужчин мигрантов Крайнего Севера с АГ 3 степени, в сравнении с мужчинами, имеющими умеренную и легкую степени АГ, показатели жировой и костной компоненты были выше и имели статистически значимые различия.

Заключение. Проведенное исследование позволило выявить и количественно охарактеризовать распределение мужчин мигрантов Крайнего Севера по конституциональным типам. Показано, что наиболее часто АГ среди обследованных мужчин мигрантов Крайнего Севера отмечалась у лиц с мускульным соматотипом. Индекс массы тела и жировой компонент массы тела были выше у мужчин мигрантов Крайнего Севера с АГ 3 степени.


Ключевые слова


Крайний Север; артериальная гипертония; соматотип; масса тела.

Полный текст:

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Литература


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DOI: https://doi.org/10.12731/wsd-2017-4-47-63

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(c) 2017 Roman Anatolyevich Yaskevich, Olga Leonidovna Moskalenko

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